Sinusitis:  Inflammation of the sinus. 
” I have sinus” is an expression many people use to indicate they have
an infection of the sinuses.  The sinuses are located close to the
nasal cavities, and in one case near the ear.  Infection may easily
travel into these sinuses from the mouth, the nose and the throat along
the mucous membrane lining, and the resulting inflammation is called sinusitis.

The sinuses are opening in the bones around the nose.  There are
four paranasal sinuses, only two , the frontal and maxillary sinuses, can
be assessed. ( In children under age 8, the frontal sinuses are usually
too small to examine.)  The other two, the ethmoidal and sphenoidal
sinuses, are inaccessible for general examination.

Normally, air passes in and out of the sinuses and mucus and fluid drain
from the sinuses into the nose.  Sinusitis usually follows when one
gets a cold and or other respiratory infection, or disease and disorder
such as Cystic Fibrosis.

Sinusitis occurs when there is a undrained collection of pus in one
or more of the sinuses.  Swelling occurs and prevents fluids from
draining out of the sinus.  Fluids trapped in the sinus may then become
infected with bacteria, viruses or fungi.

Disorders such as a deviated septum, obstruction of the nose, allergic
rhinitis are susceptible to sinusitis.  Dental infection such as a
tooth abscess may spread into the sinus and become infected.

Pressure and inflammation results in mild to severe pain.

Long – standing, or chronic, sinus infection may cause changes in the
epithelial cells, resulting in tumor formation.  Some of these growths
have a grape – like appearance and cause obstruction of the air pathway. 
These tumors are called polyps.


Facial pain – pressure around the eyes, cheeks and or forehead

Facial swelling – common around the eyes

Headache – especially around the eyes and front of head

Nasal drainage

May have pain in the roof of the mouth or teeth

May have fever

May experience chills

Possible sore throat

Possible nosebleed

Bad breath and or foul smell in the nose


Antibiotic therapy

Nasal decongesting

Your doctor may prescribed a mild analgesic for moderate to extreme

If it is due to a deviated septum, repair may be needed which may require

 * Call your doctor if treatment does not help within 48 hours
after antibiotic therapy

 * Take all of the prescribed antibiotic, stoppage of antibiotic
therapy may result in reinfection and or other complications.

 * Call your doctor promptly if you experience an adverse reaction
to any medication.